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Cloud computing services for resource accounting establish, host, and manage services that are rented out to a remote consumer (individual or business). The scope of services ranges from offering basic computational assets like bandwidth, storage, and computational power to sophisticated enterprise applications such as SaaS.

The commonly used business model to charge for these services is pay-per-use base, where the consumers use resources according to their needs and are then billed for the used resources at the end of a defined period. Idyllically, the consumers should be offered an explicit resource accounting model which is able to clearly identify all of the factors taken into consideration for calculating the consumption charges.

Giving the consumer an access to their resource usage data can help them in IT budget planning, making aware billing applications and automate the assortment of services according to their specific needs. Also, it is to the benefit of the cloud service provider to make this data available for consumers as it would help them to come up with specifically designed user-centric services. Most of the providers already offer their clients their usage data, however, there are concerns regarding accountability.

Accountability Concerns

An issue that concerns the resource accounting model for such services is the accountability of the resource usage data. Whether it is the provider who does the measurements of this data, the consumer, or some other trusted third party. A combination of these players to measure the accountability is also an option, however, just like other traditional utility services such as gas and electricity, provider-side accountability is the norm in the cloud services industry as well. But unlike the consumer-trusted metering for traditional utilities, there is no such metric for consumers to measure data usage. Therefore, they have no choice than to accept what the provider offers them.

Consumer side proposition

Continuing the above discussion, we propose for a customer-centric resource accounting model to resolve the concerns of all parties. A customer-centric accounting model will allow the customer to query for calculating billing charges from the service provider programmatically. They will be obliged to respond to the request. Subsequently, a strong customer-centric accounting model will allow for measuring the cloud services billing charges independently by the customer or a trusted third party. This will allow consumers to measure their own billing charges, which is only fair. It is proposed that the providers should at least adopt the customer-centric models so that they could perform regular checks and raise alarms when there are apparent incongruities in the consumption data.

Inspecting consumer centricity of resource accounting model

Many services providers provide or publish details of their billing information, however, it must be examined if the detailed information is in accordance with the customer-centric notion. We will start with a very basic example and see if there is any room for any improvement.

S3 Amazon

To investigate the notion, we take a simple S3 cloud storage service from Amazon. It is a very basic pay per use base service. It is marketed as a fast, reliable and low-cost service yet, upon examination, researchers found that there are few ambiguities in the model which also cannot be programmatically queried from Amazon. This suggests that even the simplest of resource accounting models cannot match the standards of a strong consumer-centric model, rather is loosely coherent with the weak model. However, specifically for S3, the uncertainties can be fixed with ease internally by paying little attention. Though, it is recommended that a cloud service provider should opt for assembling the third party as a measurement service so that customers can easily access and measure their data usage.

Limitations

Time Zone

One of the ambiguities was no reference to the time zone upon listing the price concerning geographical location. The start and end day of the billing cycle cannot be determined for sure. However, it can be inferred from the provided Amazon developers guide that S3 servers are synchronized to GMT.

Data and Metadata

Another concern of S3 is regarding the measurement of user data. In addition to its own data, the S3 resource accounting model has system metadata and user metadata. System metadata is only used by S3, while user metadata is only used by the consumer and has a maximum size of 2KB. However, Amazon fails to clarify the actual storage space acquired by data and metadata.

Checkpoints

Amazon states that they check the storage space consumed by the user at least twice every day. Though, they fail to mention the exact time these checkpoints take place. Upon further investigation, it has been observed that they actually do not check the cloud storage usage twice every day and the event randomly takes place anytime in a Zulu time zone.

Therefore, it is concluded that the resource accounting model for cloud still needs to define specific parameters of operation before they become trusted consumer utilities.

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About Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual accounting, providing services to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud-hosted desktop where their entire team and tax accountant may access the QuickBooks file and critical financial documents in an efficient and secure environment. Complete Controller’s team of  US based accounting professionals are certified QuickBooksTMProAdvisor’s providing bookkeeping and controller services including training, full or partial-service bookkeeping, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, vendor and receivables management, process and controls advisement, and customized reporting. Offering flat rate pricing, Complete Controller is the most cost effective expert accounting solution for business, family office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.

 

 

 

Global Computer network  with cloud computing

Best Practices In Cloud Computing

Companies are increasingly using the best practices in cloud computing to internationally expand their services. Cloud computing helps businesses tap into new markets. However, the economic aspect is only one of the factors of demand. Improving performance including data speed, service up time, and enhanced security are equally essential elements.

Any business can be uniquely positioned in the cloud computing ecosystem to meet their business goals. Cloud computing enables a company to reach their fundamental needs and it helps manage the global network of any business.

For cloud services to be efficient, they need to provide consistent and reliable data networks. Speed is the essential element of cloud computing. Efficient cloud computing services require cohesive and fast data networks, especially for applications that handle large graphics and require low latency. 

Benefits of Cloud Computing

Interconnected Business

The cloud is a platform that offers remote services. These services are used to store information and run applications.  It enables the use of online services and data on demand via simple internet access. The idea is to deport the processing on an outsourced infrastructure. 

It becomes redundant to install the software locally on each user station or on each server of a company. A significant benefits of cloud computing is that all systems are online. When the systems of a business are online, they are well connected. This makes the business more productive as a whole. IT departments only need to take care of the implementation of these solutions and their administration.

Easy Accessibility and Mobility

The best practices in cloud computing allow easy access to data across an organization. Cloud computing services make it easier to improve the mobility of data. Gone are the days when data and information about clients and an entire business were stored locally. A cloud computing service allows online storage. This enables the data to be available even if a desktop computer or laptop is shut down. Cloud computing prevents data loss if servers fail, as the cloud server always has a backup. Some of the leading services that have been successful in cloud computing are:

  • Email/calendar messaging
  • Office 365
  • Google Suite
  • Zimbra ERP/CRM
  • Salesforce
  • Sage Oracle
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) services

Flexibility

The best practices in cloud computing offer flexibility. The services have become very flexible and can be altered according to the business needs of a company. Having a cloud service helps businesses to change their resource allocation in the production line. The best thing about a cloud service is that you are charged only what you consume.

Another benefit of cloud computing is resource and file sharing in real time, anywhere in the world. Your business becomes agile and gains flexibility, something that was impossible before. The implementation of cloud computing requires proper infrastructure for smooth operations.  

Scalability and Update

A cloud computing service provides maintenance for all of the servers in your company. It offers regular service updates, making your business information safe, secure, and free from any cyber threats such as ransomware. It gives a chance for you and your employees to focus more efficiently on your business. Cloud computing optimizes the productivity of a company. The updates are automatic, do not cause service interruption, and regularly bring new optimizations and features.

Optimized Security

A cloud computing service provides increased protection over the traditional and internal infrastructure of a company. Keeping the cloud secure requires time, expertise, and an extensive budget. The best practices in cloud computing take care of the needed security measures. A cloud service provider provides regular updates related to essential security patches.

A wonderful benefit of cloud computing is that it ensures security because it has better safety features and services assets. Some of the security services are:

  • Data replication
  • Disaster Recovery Plan (DRP)
  • Business Continuity Plan (BCP)
  • Defense from cyber attacks
  • Latest technologies in security
  • The confidentiality of the data is guaranteed

The observed security standards for data are more rigorous and stringent in the environment of your cloud service provider. Security of your business data is the first priority, as a fault or alteration of customer data would cause irreparable damage to a business. It is considered one of the best practices for cloud computing to ensure that the cloud is safe.

Cost Control

Cloud Computing allows better control of the costs related to your IT infrastructure. Your company adjusts the resources allocated to its support according to its needs by increasing or decreasing the resources available.

Check out America's Best Bookkeepers
About Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual accounting, providing services to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud-hosted desktop where their entire team and tax accountant may access the QuickBooks file and critical financial documents in an efficient and secure environment. Complete Controller’s team of  US based accounting professionals are certified QuickBooksTMProAdvisor’s providing bookkeeping and controller services including training, full or partial-service bookkeeping, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, vendor and receivables management, process and controls advisement, and customized reporting. Offering flat rate pricing, Complete Controller is the most cost effective expert accounting solution for business, family office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.

 

 

 

 

 

Cloud computing concept.
Cloud computing is a technological feat of the modern era. With the evolution of the internet, many concepts like sharing resources and information flow have captivated businesses worldwide. In the pursuit to be a market leader, businesses deploy all types of cloud computing techniques that help them grow and succeed. But, is it only the business world that is growing? What about everything around it, including employees and consumers? From receiving an email to dynamic host configuration protocol servers, such technologies enhance a business in more than one way. The good news is that it’s a win-win situation for all.

What is Cloud Computing?

Cloud computing can be defined as “the practice of using a network of remote servers hosted on the internet to store, manage, and process data rather than a local server or a personal computer”. Clouds are not a passing phase, but something that is destined to stay with us and develop even more. The next decade is forecasted as the decade of cloud computing which promises more innovative and newer ways to help businesses push themselves to the top with nothing but a cell phone!  It helps eradicate frequently occurring headaches like storing data manually or monitoring a business for its employee performance. Now, with cloud computing, businesses can focus on other more vital and integral elements of a business such as customer support. And, they can leave the giddy details like monitoring, information sharing, or storage of data to the electronic gizmos.

Business Growth

Business growth is an aim of every organization and anything that helps it along the way is embraced with extra passion. The thing that separates the good from the bad is the usage and functionality of a system that can be implemented in an organization. Businesses can grow and help its employees reach a better level of lifestyle and also provide to an ever-changing and evolving market. With the help of cloud computing, input and research can make a great difference.

As a business grows, it provides economic relief not just to the employees or owners, but to everyone involved including the country it is situated in. In order to get ahead of the curve, businesses need to come up with various strategies that can help them get faster, more efficient and, above all, proficient. It is these cloud systems that help a business get off its mark with ease and steadily flow at a consistent pace. It can help a business grow at a noticeable rate and also get a sensation of “digitization”.

Uses of Cloud Computing

Using cloud computing in a business has many benefits which make a deeper impact. Employees who work for a business who has adopted cloud computing are more passionate and aware of their job roles. Integrating systems that store and manage data are important for a business. For example, purchase orders are usually complete with details like address, nam,e and contact information that most organizations can utilize when promoting or marketing a new product that it’s clientele would prefer. Other things like requesting information regarding services is also an achievable outcome. 

However, cloud computing is able to do much more than just recall information. It can store, organize, break down, and even process data for any required purpose, making it a very versatile and impactful mechanism for a business who can get much more done with this technology as compared to not having it. All large organizations and major players of the business world use clouds for HR, client relationship management, accounting, IT, and more. Almost every department of larger organizations has a system to help it coordinate with other areas of the business to increase operations and output.

Check out America's Best Bookkeepers
About Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual accounting, providing services to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud-hosted desktop where their entire team and tax accountant may access the QuickBooks file and critical financial documents in an efficient and secure environment. Complete Controller’s team of  US based accounting professionals are certified QuickBooksTMProAdvisor’s providing bookkeeping and controller services including training, full or partial-service bookkeeping, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, vendor and receivables management, process and controls advisement, and customized reporting. Offering flat rate pricing, Complete Controller is the most cost effective expert accounting solution for business, family office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.

 

Medical worker shows the data cloud on blurred background.
In the healthcare industry, it is not easy to provide a quick and smooth service while also maintaining the privacy of a patient’s information according to HIPAA requirements. Leading healthcare organizations are addressing these demands in collaboration with Google’s cloud and making it easier for their patients to access their information under one roof.

Secure Access to Information

Google’s cloud ensures information security that HIPAA requires, allowing limited logins to health officials and patients to avoid any data theft. There is software that allows you to identify how many times the document or information has been viewed. If the system becomes corrupted or hacked, you know that your information is securely placed in the cloud. You can apply device encryption and then share the file; authorized people can access patient data from any managed device. As a healthcare professional, it is your responsibility to ensure security of your patients’ information.

Provide Faster Service to Patients

Many websites connect patients with healthcare physicians across the United States. They allow patients to review inputs before they even see a doctor. When a patient arrives at the clinic or hospital, they can fill out an online form that doctors, administration, and nurses can access. This way, you will already have your patient’s information and can follow-up with them immediately. Patients can even fill out a feedback survey that will help improve customer service.

Access to Important Updates and Documents

Google cloud makes it simple to create a streamlined information center. All you have to do is simply move all important data, policies, announcements, calendars, training, and resources to the Google drive and link it to the Google website. For example, a patient is visiting a general physician, cardiologist, and a cardiac surgeon at around the same time. Instead of faxing or emailing information to each other, the patient’s lab reports and follow-up information should be stored on the cloud. This way, all three doctors will have access to the patient’s information from anywhere. If there is an emergency, the doctor can access the patient’s medical history right away from their device.

Healthcare practitioners can also view previous clinical follow-ups. CT scans, X-rays, and audio or video messages can be uploaded to the cloud. Patients can view their medical history as well as their financial transactions. Let’s say, the patient does not have medical insurance and pays out of pocket. Instead of visiting the account’s department, they can view all payment history on the cloud. Even the accounts department can perform their bookkeeping on the cloud and go paperless.

Ensure Consistency

One of the best examples is a leading pharmaceutical company that has been providing patients lifesaving medications all around the world. This company started using apps. However, not all apps can collaborate, so they moved to the cloud. Today, more than 90,000 employees of this company are using Gmail, calendar, and multiple tools to work simultaneously from 140 countries.

Google cloud is easy to use. If you hire a new employee, you can simply add them to the Google cloud from your admin control and they have access to it; you do not have to wait to hear back from your IT department. For example, there is a new doctor on board and you have to provide them with a patient’s medical history… all you have to do is simply add them to the cloud and they have access to all of the information. Depending on the IT department can create a hindrance at times.

Mobile Healthcare

Some medically complex patients have difficulty visiting hospitals or clinics, especially kids. That is when home services are provided. For example, a speech therapist visits a child’s home for speech therapy. After the session, the therapist can provide input directly from their device on the Google cloud and update the charts, reports, and medication list from the patient’s home and all other practitioners can view the updated information right away.

If your hospitals or clinics are providing in-home services, Google cloud makes that easier. You can track or update a patient’s information on the cloud and all other healthcare practitioners can view that information immediately.


Check out America's Best Bookkeepers
About Complete Controller® – America’s Bookkeeping Experts Complete Controller is the Nation’s Leader in virtual accounting, providing services to businesses and households alike. Utilizing Complete Controller’s technology, clients gain access to a cloud-hosted desktop where their entire team and tax accountant may access the QuickBooks file and critical financial documents in an efficient and secure environment. Complete Controller’s team of  US based accounting professionals are certified QuickBooksTMProAdvisor’s providing bookkeeping and controller services including training, full or partial-service bookkeeping, cash-flow management, budgeting and forecasting, vendor and receivables management, process and controls advisement, and customized reporting. Offering flat rate pricing, Complete Controller is the most cost effective expert accounting solution for business, family office, trusts, and households of any size or complexity.